INVESTIGATION OF G+265C AND G-1539A SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS OF TOLL-LIKE RECEPTOR 4 GENE (TLR4) IN SOME CATTLE BREEDS RAISED IN TURKEY

Özgecan Korkmaz Ağaoğlu, Bilal Akyüz, Emel Zeytünlü, Ali Reha Ağaoğlu

Abstract


Toll-like receptors play an essential role in how the innate immune system reacts to pathogens. These receptors help the innate immune system recognise the antigenic structure of pathogens and initiate the inflammatory response. TLR4 is one of these receptors, and it has been identified as a candidate molecular marker for resistance to mastitis in cattle. This study aimed to describe G-1539A (BgII) in promoter and G+265C (MspI) in 5'-UTR polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene using Zavot (n=60), East Anatolian Red (EAR, n=49), Anatolian Black (AB, n=59), South Anatolian Red (SAR, n=42), Turkish Gray (TG, n=60) and Holstein (n=218) cattle breeds. For this purpose, we used polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) to genotype a total of 488 cattle. Two alleles (A and G) and three genotypes (GG, GA and AA) were examined by digestion of the PCR product with BgII restriction enzyme. The frequency of the G allele was higher in all investigated breeds except Zavot. The GA genotype was found to be the most common genotype in the EAR, SAR, TG, AB, Holstein, and Zavot breeds. Two alleles (C and G) and three genotypes (GG, GC and CC) were examined by digestion of the PCR product for the G+265C SNP with the MspI restriction enzyme. The most prevalent in terms of frequency was the C allele in all breeds with regard to G+265C SNP. All examined breeds were within the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p>0.05). Consequently, the existence of two SNPs of the TLR4 gene has been reported for the first time in six cattle breeds raised in Turkey. The study demonstrated that the investigated breeds continue to exhibit variation in terms of these two SNPs. It might be possible to utilise these polymorphisms in efforts to breed herds resistant to significant breeding diseases, such as mastitis.

Key words: cattle; PCR-RFLP; promoter; SNP; TLR4

RAZISKOVANJE ENOJNIH NUKLEOTIDNIH POLIMORFIZMOV G+265C IN G-1539A GENA RECEPTORJA TLR4 PRI NEKATERIH PASMAH KRAV, GOJENIH V TURČIJI

 

Povzetek: Tolični receptorji oz. receptorji TLR (iz angl. Toll-like receptors) igrajo bistveno vlogo pri reakciji prirojenega imunskega sistema na patogene. Ti receptorji pomagajo prirojenemu imunskemu sistemu prepoznati antigensko strukturo patogenov in sprožiti vnetni odziv. TLR4 je bil izmed skupine toličnih receptorjev prepoznan kot kandidatni molekularni označevalec za odpornost na mastitis pri govedu. V študiji smo želeli opisati G-1539A (BgII) v promotorju in G+265C (MspI) v 5'-UTR polimorfizmih gena TLR4 pri različnih pasmah goveda: pasmi Zavot (n = 60), vzhodno anatolskem rdečem govedu (EAR, n = 49), anatolijskemu črnemu govedu (AB, n = 59), južno anatolskemu rdečemua govedu (SAR, n = 42), turškem sivem govedu (TG, n = 60) in govedu pasme Holstein (n = 218). V ta namen smo uporabili verižno reakcijo s polimerazo in polimorfizem dolžin restrikcijskih odsekov (PCR-RFLP) za genotipizacijo 488 govedi. Z restrikcijsko cepitvijo produktov PCR z restrikcijskim encimom BgII smo pregledali dva alela (A in G) in tri genotipe (GG, GA in AA). Pogostost alela G je bila večja pri vseh raziskanih pasmah, razen pasmi Zavot. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da je genotip GA najpogostejši genotip pri pasmah goveda EAR, SAR, TG, AB, Holstein in Zavot. Dva alela (C in G) in trije genotipi (GG, GC in CC) so bili pregledani z restrikcijsko cepitvijo produkta PCR za SNP G+65C z restrikcijskim encimom MspI. Alel C je bil najbolj razširjen pri vseh pasmah. Vse pregledane pasme so bile znotraj Hardy-Weinbergovega ravnotežja (p > 0,05). V raziskavo torej poročamo prvič o obstoju dveh SNP gena TLR4 pri šestih pasmah govedi, vzrejenih v Turčiji. Študija je pokazala, da so pri preiskanih pasmah vidne razlike v teh dveh SNP. Te polimorfizme bi bilo mogoče uporabiti pri prizadevanju za vzrejo čred, odpornih na pomembne bolezni pri govedu, kot je mastitis.

Ključne besede: govedo; PCR-RFLP; promotor; SNP; TLR4


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26873/SVR-914-2020

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