A REVIEW ON METABOLIC SYNDOME: BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATIONS

Samah S. Khalil, Amany I. Ahmed, Nada A. Mohammed, Azza A. El-Naggar, Haytham A. Ali, Hamad R.E. Al-Saadawy

Abstract


In the last few years, the metabolic syndrome (MetS) has attracted increased attention. Metabolic syndrome defined as a group of interconnected biochemical, physiological, metabolic and clinical risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, glucose intolerance, dyslipidemia and inflammation that  lead to many fatal diseases as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This review tends to go over the main points of the essential mechanisms involved in induction models of MetS by diet regimen based on high-fat high fructose/sucrose (HFHF) added to normal chow. Management of metabolic syndrome should undergo several axes such as increasing physical activity, modification of lifestyle and healthy food besides. Moreover, medications can be used to control the symptoms of different disease related to metabolic syndrome. Finally, we can conclude that the main and prevalent risk factors for the pathophysiology of Metabolic Syndrome are Insulin resistant, abdominal obesity. Also, physical inactivity and chronic inflammation which provide a possible explanation of the cause of the metabolic syndrome until now which designates the energetic relationship between a number of contributing factors.

Key words: metabolic syndrome; diabetes mellitus; insulin resistance; obesity


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26873/SVR-670-2018

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