PREVALENCE OF SHIGA TOXIGENIC AND MULTI DRUG RESISTANT Escherichia coli IN READY TO EAT CHICKEN PRODUCTS` SANDWICHES

Alaa Eldin M.A. Morshdy, Mohamed A. Hussein, Ahmed E. Tharwat, Nafissa A. Moustafa, Osama K. Hussein

Abstract


Ready to eat (RTE) chicken products are known for their popularity among people from different age groups in Egypt. Two hundred and fifty samples of RTE chicken sandwiches represented by chicken fajitas, shawarma, burger, pane and luncheon (50 for each) were collected and examined for prevalence, virulence and resistance of Escherichia coli being one of the most important enteropathogens worldwide. The obtained results declared the presence of E. coli in 42, 34, 30, 26 and 14% of the examined samples, respectively. The isolates were found to belong to different E. coli pathotypes such as enteropathogenic, enterohemorrhagic, enterotoxigenic and enteroinasive and were positive for serious virulence genes (Stx1, Stx2 and eaeA). Moreover, the isolates were tested for their resistance against fourteen commonly used antimicrobials in order to determine their resistance patterns which consequently would reflect their public health significance as well as the degree of drug misuse within the food production chain.

Key words: E. coli; antimicrobial resistance; STEC; chicken products; diarrheal diseases


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