COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC, LAPAROSCOPIC AND SECTIONAL ANATOMY OF THE LIVER AND SPLEEN IN GOATS (CAPRA HIRCUS)

Ahmed A. Hassan, Hamed M. Nossir, Khaled Z. Soliman, Esraa M. El-Skeikh, Mervat M.H. Konsowa

Abstract


The present study was carried out on nine apparently healthy goats of both sexes, females were non-pregnant and non-lactating. Their weight and age ranged from 28-35 kg and 17 to 24 months, respectively. These goats were divided into three groups; 1) Three were subjected to frozen sagittal section technique, 2) Three underwent computed tomography followed by frozen cross section techniques, and 3) Three were used for laparoscopy. With the aid of these techniques, this study focused on liver and spleen to detect their position, shape and relation with other abdominal organs. Sagittal sectional anatomy was done using right paramedian, left paramedian and midline sagittal sections on the abdomen of goats. The frozen cross sections were compared with CT images at the same level. Laparoscopy was accomplished at three positions; dorsal recumbency, right flank and left flank laparoscopy. The obtained results were presented in plates and anatomical structures of clinical importance were identified and labelled to establish a comprehensive guide for specialists in anatomy, surgery, radiology and veterinary education.

Key words: frozen sections; CT; faparoscopy; hepar; lien; small ruminants


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