EFFECT OF GINGER DIETARY SUPPLEMENTATION ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE, IMMUNE RESPONSE AND VACCINE EFFICACY IN Oreochromis niloticus CHALLENGED WITH Aeromonas hydrophila

Ahmed El-Sebai, Abd El-Hakim El-Murr, Azza A. A. Galal, Sabry M. A. Abd El-Motaal

Abstract


Ginger powder was used in the current study for the improvement of the growth performance and the efficacy of Aeromonas hydrophila (A. hydrophila) vaccination in Oreochromis niloticus. A total of 120 apparently healthy fish were classified into 2 equal groups. The control fish received a basal diet and ginger group received a basal diet enriched with 1% ginger powder. The feeding period lasted for 2 months and the growth performance indicators were measured. Next, each group was allocated into 2 equal groups to be 4 groups. G1: received basal diet, G2: received basal diet then vaccinated with A. hydrophila vaccine, G3: received ginger supplemented diet, and G4: received ginger supplemented diet then vaccinated with A. hydrophila vaccine. One-week post vaccination, fish were challenged with A. hydrophila bacteria. Fish fed 1% ginger supplemented diet had a marked increase in growth performance parameters and utilized their feed more efficiently than those received the basal diet. Nitric oxide, IgM and lysozyme activity were significantly differed among fish groups in order of G4 >G2 > G3 > G1. Ginger and/or A. hydrophila vaccine reduced the clinical signs, mortality rate as well as the elevation of alanine aminotransferase and creatinine which induced by A. hydrophila infection. It could be inferred that ginger has been suggested as growth promoter and immune-stimulant in O. niloticus and increase efficacy of A. hydrophila vaccine, which increase protection against A. hydrophila infection.

Key words: ginger; O. niloticus; growth performance; immunity; vaccine


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26873/SVR-625-2018

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