AMELIORATIVE EFFECTS OF GRAPE SEED OIL ON CHROMIUM-INDUCED NEPHROTOXICITY AND OXIDATIVESTRESS IN RATS

Sahar Hassan Orabi, Sherif Mohamed Shawky

Abstract


The current study focused on investigating the renoprotective effects of grape seed oil (GSO) against hexavalent chromium (Cr (VI))-induced nephrotoxicity. A total of 40 male rats were randomly divided into four groups: group I served as the control group, group II received 1000 mg/L potassium dichromate (353.5 mg/L Cr(VI)) in drinking water for 12 weeks, group III received 3.7 g/kg body weight/day GSO orally for 12 weeks, and group IV received GSO together with potassium dichromate for 12 weeks. Cr(VI) significantly increased serum levels of urea, creatinine, potassium and glucose. In addition, Cr(VI) increased MDA levels and induced renal tissue damage and DNA damage. On the other hand, Cr(VI) decreased serum levels of sodium and antioxidant defence system [reduced glutathione (GSH) and catalase (CAT)]. However, treatment with GSO prevented elevation levels of serum urea, creatinine, potassium and glucose. In addition, GSO enhanced sodium level, renal tissue antioxidant defense system due to its curative effect ameliorated particularly oxidative stress, renal tissue and DNA damage. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that GSO is a promising nephroprotective agent against Cr(VI)-induced nephrotoxicity.

Key words: grape seed oil; hexavalent chromium; nephrotoxicity; DNA damage

 

BLAŽILNI UČINKI OLJA GROZDNIH PEŠK PRI TOKSIČNI OBREMENITVI LEDVIC TER VPLIV NA OKSIDATIVNI STRES PODGAN, POVZROČEN S KROMOM

Povzetek: Študija je bila osredotočena na proučevanje zaščitnih učinkov olja grozdnih pešk (GSO) pri toksični obremenitvi ledvic, povzročeni s heksavalentnim kromom (Cr (VI)). Štirideset samcev podgan je bilo naključno razdeljenih v štiri skupine: skupina I - kontrolna skupina, skupina II, ki je v pitni vodi 12 tednov prejemala 1000 mg/L kalijevega dikromata (353,5 mg/L Cr (VI)), skupina III, ki je peroralno 12 tednov prejemala 3,7 g/kg telesne mase/dan GSO ter skupina IV, ki je 12 tednov prejemala GSO skupaj s kalijevim dikromatom. Cr(VI) je znatno zvišal serumske ravni sečnine, kreatinina, kalija in glukoze v serumu. Poleg tega je Cr(VI) zvišal raven MDA in povzročil poškodbe ledvičnega tkiva in poškodbe DNK. Po drugi strani je Cr(VI) znižal serumsko raven natrija in antioksidativnega obrambnega sistema, zmanjšal raven glutationske peroksidaze in katalaze. Dodajanje GSO poskusnim živalim je preprečilo zvišanje ravni sečnine v serumu, kreatinina, kalija, natrija in glukoze. Poleg tega je GSO izboljšal obrambni sistem antioksidantov ledvičnega tkiva. Zaradi svojega zdravilnega učinka je izboljšal zlasti oksidativni stres, poškodbe ledvičnega tkiva in DNK. Rezultati kažejo, da je GSO obetavno zaščitno sredstvo za ledvica pri toksični obremenitvi, povzročeni s Cr(VI).

Ključne besede: olje grozdnih pešk; heksavalentni krom; nefrotoksičnost; poškodba DNK


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26873/SVR-967-2020

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