OCCURRENCE AND RISK FACTORS OFDIGITAL DERMATITIS IN EGYPTIAN DAIRIES

El-Sayed El-Shafaey, Mohamed Sayed-Ahmed, Sherif Shoeib, Sabry El-khodery

Abstract


In the present   study, the prevalence of digital dermatitis (DD) and the related risk factors in dairy cows was investigated.  For 12 months, information about the establishment of DD lesions and other claw disorders in dairy cows was collected.  A questionnaire was designed to get data about age, milk yield, season, parity,   transition period, concurrent diseases and biosecurity. The hind claws were more affected than fore claws (95.24 vs 4.76%) particularly the left hind claws (56.67%). However,  The DD  more  prevalent during the second lactation than the third lactation (42.85 vs 36.50%) and first lactation (42.85 vs. 19.06%)  which gradually decreased reaching  the  lowest  incidence in heifer cows  (42.85  vs  1.59%).  Furthermore, DD was more  prevalent  during  summer and autumn. Based on cow  level,  the final step of  logistic regression analysis revealed a significant relationship between DD and cow’ age (P <0.05; Odds Ratio [OR]:  1.01;   95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.67–1.47), parity (P <0.05; OR: 1.01.11; 95% CI: 0.47– 401.93), season  (P <  .05;  OR: 1.36;  95% CI: 1.01–1.81), and  transition  period (P <.05; OR: 1.53;  95%  CI: 0.48–4.83).  The  recognition   of factors  which influence occurrence of DD  may  permit  changes  in herd management  or breeding  policies    which can be applied to diminish the prevalence of  DD,  and  can establish the appropriate  preventive procedures.

Key words: digital dermatitis; dairy cows; risk factors; epidemiology


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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26873/SVR-784-2019

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