Adel Ramoun, Essam Almadaly, Hamdy Hattab, Samy Darwish, Ismail EL- Kon


Uterine and cervical involutions were judged by transrectal ultrasonography (US) versus rectal palpations (RP) in buffaloes (n =26). The diameters of the pregravid uterine horn (PGUHD) and cervix (CvD) were estimated by both transrectal US and RP every three days until gross uterine or cervical involution. Also, the US-measured PGUHD and CvD were recorded on the day of gross uterine or cervical involution on the basis of RP. The combined thickness of the myometrium and perimetrium of the pregravid uterine horn (PGUHMPT) and cervical wall thickness (CvWT) were parallelly estimated with US-measuring of PGUHD and CvD. The intervals to gross uterine (P< 0.05) and cervical (P< 0.01) involutions, on the basis of RP, were shorter than those on the basis of US. Both US-measured PGUHD and PGUHMPT, on the day of involution on the basis of US, were less than their US-measured counterparts on the day of a gross involution on the basis of RP. Both US-measured CvD and CvWT, on the day of cervical involution on the basis of US, were less than their US-measured counterparts on the day of involution on the basis of RP. It is concluded that US- measuring of the pregravid uterine horn diameter and the combined thickness of myometrium and perimetrium as well as cervical diameter and its wall thickness, is more accurate than RP-measuring of diameters of pregravid uterine horn and cervix for assessing the involution of the reproductive tract in buffaloes.

Key words: buffalo; involution; ultrasonography; cervical; combine thickness

Full Text:



Parikh S, Suttar B, Sutaria T, Savaliya B, Makwana, R. Ultrasonographic evaluation of uterine involution in postpartum Mehsana buf-faloes. Bull. Environ Pharmacol and Life Sci 2017; 6: 38–45.

Sheldon I and Dobson H. Effect of ad-ministration of eCG to postpartum cows on fol-liculogenesis in the ovary ipsilateral to the pre-viously gravid uterine horn and uterine involu-tion. J Reprod Fertil 2000; 119: 157–63.

Sheldon I, Williams E, Miller A, Nash D, Herath S. Uterine diseases in cattle after parturi-tion. Vet J 2008; 176: 115–21.

Morrow D, Robert S, Mckntee K. A re-view of Postpartum ovarian activity and involu-tion of uterus and cervix in dairy cattle. III. Days non-gravid and services per conception. The Corn Vet 1969; 59: 190–8.

Willams E, Fischer D, Noakes D, England G, Rycraft A, Dobson H, Sheldon I. The rela-tionship between uterine pathogen growth, den-sity and ovarian function in the postpartum dairy cow. Theriogenology 2007; 68: 549–59.

Kask K, Kindahl H, Gustafsson H. Re-sumption of uterine and ovarian functions fol-lowing dexamethasone-induced parturition in dairy cows. Acta Veterinaria Baltica 2000; 3: 11–21.

Stephen C. Effect of ecbolic therapy on uterine involution, disease and reproductive performance in dairy cows. 2010; Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of graduate studies, the University of Guelph.

Van Engelen E, Taverne M, Everts , Van der weijden G, Doornenbal A, Breeveld Dwarkasing, V.Cervical diameter in relation to uterine and cervical EMG activity in earlypost-partum dairy cows with retained placentas after PGF2alpha induced calving. Theriogenology 2007; 68: 213–22.

Usmani R, Lewis G. Cervical and uterine involutions in Nilli-Ravi buffaloes. Buffalo bullet. 1984; 4 : 3–7.

Atansov A, Dineveh J, Yotova S. Ultra-sonographic evaluation of uterine involution in Bulgarian Murrah buffalo after administration of oxytocin. Anim Reprod Sci 2012; 133: 71–6.

Yindee M, Techakumphu M, Lohachit C, Sirivaidyapong S, Chiangmai A, Colenbrander B. Ovarian activity and sexual behavior in the postpartum swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Ital J Anim Sci 2007; 6: 632–5.

Lopez-Helguera I, Lopez-Gatius F, Gra-cia-Ispierto I. The influence of genital tract sta-tus in the postpartum period on subsequent re-productive performance in high producing dairy cows. Theriogenology 2012; 77: 1334–42.

Cengic B, Varatanovic N, Mutevelic T, Katica A, Mlaco N, Cutuk, A. Normal and ab-normal uterine involution in cow monitored by ultrasound. Biotechnol Anim Husb 2012; 28: 205–17.

Perry G and Cushman R Invited Review: Use of ultrasonography to make reproductive management decisions. The Prof Anim Sci 2016; 32: 154–61.

Okano A and Tomizuka T. Ultrasonic ob-servation of postpartum uterine involution in cows. Theriogenology 1987, 27: 369–76.

Hajurka J, Macak V, Hura V. Influence of health status of reproductive organs of uter-ine involution in dairy cows. Bull Vet Inst, Pu-lawy 2005; 49: 53–8.

Usmani R, Ahmad M, Inskeep E, Dailey R, Lewis P, Lewis G. Uterine involution and postpartum ovarian activity in Nili-Ravi buffa-loes. Theriogenology 1985; 24: 435–48.

Tiwari S, Pathak M, Patel A. Study of ovarian steroids during the postpartum period of Surti buffaloes in relation to suckling and milk-ing practices. Ind J Anim Reprod 1995; 16: 5–8.

Khattab, R, Abou-Ela M, Barkawi A, Ab-del-Aal A. Physiological causes influencing open periods in Egyptian buffaloes of hot sea-son calvers. Buffalo .J 1990; 2: 153–60.

El-Sabbagh K. A study on some biochem-ical constitutes of blood female buffalo during late pregnancy and puerperium. M.V.Sci. Thesis 1993; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Qureshi M, Samad H, Nazir Ahmad Habib G, Anjum A, Siddiqui M. Reproductive performance of dairy buffaloes under peri-urban commercial farming in NWFP, Pakistan. Pakist Vet J 1998; 18: 197–2.

Purbey L. A composite study of Dangi herd of cattle with special reference to certain aspects of the physiopathology of reproduction. 1965; M.V.Sci. Dissertation, Bombay Universi-ty.

Pandey S and Pandit R. Studies on the ef-ficacy of involon in the treatment of retention of the placenta and subsequent reproductive performance in frieswal cows. Pashudhan 2003; 8: 4–8.

Kranthi K. Ultrasonographic evaluation of uterine involution and postpartum cyclicity in graded Murrah buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). MV Sci Thesis 2016 SRI VENKATESWARA Veterinary University, TIRUPATI-517502 (A.P) India.

Khasatiya C, Kavani F, Dhami A, De-rashri H, Panchal M, Desai P, Panchal M, Desai P. Studies on puerperal events and reproductive efficiency following hormone therapy at day 42 postpartum in Surti buffaloes. Int J Agri Biol 2006; 8: 132–7.

El-Fouly M, Kotby E, El-Sobhy H. Effect of suckling on uterine and cervical involution in postpartum Egyptian buffaloes. Ind J Anim Sci 1976; 46: 221-–9.

Usmani R, Ahmad N, Shafiq P, Mirza M. Effect of subclinical uterine infection on cervi-cal and uterine involution, estrous activity and fertility in postpartum buffaloes. Theriogenolo-gy 2001; 55: 563–71.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Our journal is indexed in:
Science Citation Index Expanded, Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, Agris, Biomedicina Slovenica, CAB Abstracts, IVSI Urlich’s International Periodicals Directory
Gerbičeva 60, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, T: +386 (0)1 47 79 100, F: +386 (0)1 28 32 243, E:
Published by