UTILIZATION OF SUGAR BEET BY PRODUCTS IN FEEDING GROW-ING RAHMANI LAMBS

Mohamed Ali, Nabil Eweedah, Hamed Gaafar, Metwally Abd El-Salam

Abstract


Twenty female Rahmani lambs with an average initial body weight 31.01±0.68 kg were randomly divided into four similar groups (5 in each group). To receive one of the tested rations, Ration1 containing 50% concentrate feed mixture 1 plus 50% berseem hay as a control ration. In rations 2 and 4, 50% of berseem hay was replaced by dry sugar beet tops. While, in rations 3 and 4, 50% energy ingredients (yellow corn grains, wheat bran and rice bran) were replaced by dry sugar beet pulp in concentrate feed mixture 2. Ration 3 had significantly (P<0.05) the highest digestibility coefficient of all nutrients followed by rations 4 and 2, while, while ration 1 had the lowest values. Digestible crude protein had nearly the same trend, but total digestible nutrients and digestible energy were significantly higher in ration 3 compared with the other rations. A logarithmic scale of acidity or basicity of rumen liquor were nearly similar for all the different groups. Dry sugar beet pulp in rations 3 and 4 showed significantly the higher concentrations of total volatile fatty acids and ammonia nitrogen compared to the other rations. Dry sugar beet pulp increased dry matter, total digestible nutrients, digestible crude protein and digestible energy, but tended to decrease with dry sugar beet tops compared with control group. Growth rate and feed conversion were significantly higher (P<0.05) for lambs fed ration 3 compared with the other rations. Lambs fed ration 3 recorded significantly the highest net revenue and economic efficiency.

Key words: growing lambs; dry sugar beet pulp; dry sugar beet tops; growth performance


Full Text:

PDF

References


A.O.A.C. (1995). Association Official Analytical Chemists: Official Methods of Anal-ysis. 16th Ed., Official Agriculture Chemistry, Washington DC, USA.

Abd-El Galil, E. R.; A.R. Khattab; H.M. Khattab; H.M. El Sayed and Faten F. Abou-Ammou (2016). Influence of Using Different Energy Sources on Growth Rate, Digestion Co-efficients and Rumen Parameters in Sheep. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv., 11 (3): 190–7.

Agriculture Economics and Statistics Insti-tute, Ministry of Agriculture (2017). Agricultur-al Economics, part 2 pull. By Agric. Res. Cen-ter, Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt.

Ali, M.F. and B.E. El-Saidy (2003). The effect of feeding dried sugar beet tops on the productive and reproductive performance of ram lambs. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 28 (8): 5969 –83.

Ali, M.F.; M.K. Mohsen; M.I. Bassiouni and M.M. Khalafalla (2000). The influence of using dried sugar beet pulp on sheep perfor-mance. J. Agric. Res. Tanta Univ., 26(2): 132 –44.

Bendary, M.M.; M.M. Mohamed; G.H.A. Ghenim and I.M. Abou-Selim (1996). Nutri-tional studies on using sugar beet tops in animal feeding performance of lactating Friesian cows fed dried sugar beet tops and its silage. Egyptian J. Anim. Prod., 33, Suppl. Issue: 199 -206.

Bouaque, C.H.V.; B.G. Cottyn; J.V. Aerts and F.X. Buysse (1976). Dried sugar beet pulp as a high energy feed for beef cattle. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 1: 643–53

Doumas, B. I.; W. Watsn and H. Biggs (1971). Albumin standards and the measure-ments of serum albumin with bromocresol green. Clin. Chem. Acta., 31: 87 –92.

Drabkin D.L. and H. Austin (1932). spec-trophotometric studies: I. spectrophotometric constants for common hemoglobin derivatives in human, dog and rabbit blood. J. Biol. Chem., 98: 719–32.

El-Ashry, M.A.; Zeba A. Motagally and Y.A. Maareck (2000). Effect of dried sugar beet pulp in dairy buffalo rations on colostrums, milk yield and composition. Egyptian J. Nutri-tion and Feeds, 3(1): 15–22.

Eweedah, N.M; A.A. Sallam; B.E. El-Saidy; M.S. Saleh; M.F. Ali and M.G. Gabr (2004). Productive and reproductive perfor-mance on ewe lambs fed dried sugar beet tops. J. Agric. Sci. Tanta Univ., 30(4): 812–24.

Eweedah, N.N.; M.F. Ali; M.S. Saleh and M.K. Mohsen (2001). Comparing between dried sugar beet pulp and yellow corn as source of energy with berseen in groing lambs rations. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 26(6): 3478–95.

Gaafar, H.M.A.; A.I.A. Abd El-Lateif and Salwa B. Abd El-Hady (2010). Effect of partial replacement of berseem hay by ensiled and dried sugar beet tops on performance of growing rabbits. Researcher, 2(9):10–5.

Hill, P.G. and T.N. Wells (1983). Bro-mocresol purple and the measurement of albu-min. Falsely high plasma albumin concentra-tions eliminated by increased reagent ionic strength. Ann Clin Biochem, 20: 256

IBM SPSS Statistics (2014). Statistical package for the social sciences, Release 22, SPSS INC, Chicago, USA.

Khalafall, M.M.E. (1999). The effect of partial replacing concentrate mixture by sugar beet by-products on the performance of rumi-nants. M.Sc. Thesis. Fac. of Agric., Kafr El-Sheikh, Tanta University.

Mahmoud A.E.M. and N.E. El-Bordeny (2016). The Nutritive Value of Sugar Beet Pulp-substituted Corn for Barki Lambs. Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 48(4), pp. 995–1002.

Mahmoud, S.A.; M.F. Ali; M.A. Helmy and A.A.H. Khalek (2001). Productive perfor-mance of growing lambs fed complete rations containing different levels of dried sugar beet tops. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 26(6): 3579 –89.

Mansfield, H.R.; M.D. Stern and D.E. Ot-terbye (1994). Effects of beet pulp and animal by-products on milk yield and in vitro fermen-tation by rumen microorganisms. J. Dairy Sci. 77, 205–16.Masuda (1995).

Millar, S.E. and J.M. Waller (1971). Test book of Clinical Pathology. 8th Ed. The Wil-liams and Wilking Co., Baltimore Scientific Book, Agency Calcutta.

Mohamed, Sherien H. (2005). Biological treatment of sugar beet pulp and its use in sheep ration. M.Sc. Thesis, Fac. of Agric., Cairo Univ.

Mohi El-Din, A.M.A. (1998). Studies on cattle production "nutritional studies on the use of sugar beet by-products in feeding lactating cows". Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. Of Agric. Mansoura Univ., Egypt.

Mohsen, M.K.; M.F. Ali and M.I. Basi-ouni (1999). The effect of partial replacing concentrate mixture by dried sugar beet pulp on performance of growing Angora goats. Prod. of the 7th Sci. Conf. of Anim. Nutri., 19 – 21 Oct. El-Arish, Egypt: 309–18.

NRC (1988). Nutrition Requirements of Sheep. 7th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA.

Omer, H.A.A; Soha S. Abdel-Magid; A.Y. El-Badawi; I.M. Awadalla; M.I. Mohamed and Mona S. Zaki (2013). Nutritional impact for the whole replacement of concentrate feed mix-ture by dried sugar beet pulp on growth perfor-mance and carcass characteristics of Ossimi sheep. Life Sci. J., 10(4):1987-1999.

Ritman, A. and S. Frankel (1957). A col-ourimeteric Methods of Determination of S. GOT and S. GPT. American J. of Clinical Pa-thology, 28: 56.

Sung, H.G.; Y. Kobayashi; J. Chang; A. Ha; H. Hwang and J.K. Ha (2007). Low Ruminal pH reduces dietary fiber digestion via reduced microbial attachment. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 20(2):200–7.

UCDAVIS, United States Department of Agriculture (2011). "Sugar: World Markets and Trade". FAS Information.

Van Keulen, J.V. and B.A. Young. (1977). Evaluation of Acid Insoluble Ash as a Natural Marker in Ruminant Digestibility Stud-ies. J. Anim. Sci., 44: 282.

Warner, A.C.J. (1964). Production of volatile fatty acids in the rumen. Methods of measurements. Nutr. Abst. Rev., 34: 339.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


SLOVENIAN VETERINARY RESEARCH, Veterinary Faculty
Gerbičeva 60, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, T: +386 (0)1 47 79 100, F: +386 (0)1 28 32 243, E: slovetres@vf.uni-lj.si
Published by computing.si