THE EFFECT OF SUPRAPHYSIOLOGICAL DOSES OF VITAMIN E ON PERFORMANCE OF BROILER BREEDERS FLOCK

Mehrdad Yaripour, Mohammad Dadashbeiki, Lorella Giuliotti, Alireza Seidavi

Abstract


The effect of supplementary vitamin E levels on the performance of broiler breeder flocks was studied. A completely randomized design with four treatments (100, 500, 1000, or 1500 IU vitamin E/kg) and three replicates per treatment was used. Each replicate included seven females and one male broiler breeder. Rearing conditions, lighting, temperature, humidity, amount of feed, and the amount of other nutrients in the diet were equal for all treatment groups and according to specifications of the management guide for broiler production. Eggs from each replicate were collected up to six times daily for nine weeks. Every three days, eggs were transferred to a hatchery and their characteristics were determined. The results showed 5- to 15-fold Vitamin E levels over the recommended daily dose had significant negative effects on hatchability and related parameters as well as on herd economic index (P<0.05).

Key words: broiler breeder; hen; tocopherol; reproductive; performance

 

UČINEK SUPRAFIZIOLOŠKIH ODMERKOV VITAMINA E NA PRIRAŠČANJE VZREJNIH BROJLERJSKIH JAT

Povzetek: V študiji smo raziskovali učinek dodajanja vitamina E na hitrost prirasta v vzrejnih brojlerskih jatah. Študija je bila zasnovana naključno s štirimi koncentracijami dodatka (100, 500, 1000 ali 1500 i.e. vitamina E/kg telesne mase) in tremi ponovitvami tretiranja za vsako koncentracijo dodanega vitamina E. Vsaka ponovitev je vključevala sedem samic in enega brojlerskega samca. Pogoji reje, razsvetljava, temperatura, vlaga, količina krme in količina drugih hranilnih snovi v prehrani so bili enaki za vse poskusne skupine in v skladu s specifikacijami reje pitovnih piščancev. Jajca iz vsake ponovitve tretiranj po skupinah so bila zbrana do šestkrat dnevno devet tednov. Vsake tri dni so bila jajca prenesena v valilnico, kjer smo določili njihove značilnosti. Rezultati so pokazali da so imele 5- do 15-kratne vrednosti vitamina E nad priporočenim dnevnim odmerkom značilno negativne učinke na sposobnost valjenja in sorodnih parametrov, kakor tudi na na čredni gospodarski indeks (P<0,05).

Ključne besede: brojlerji; kokoš; vitamin E; razmnoževanje


Full Text:

PDF

References


(1) Leeson S. Vitamin requirements: is there basis for re-evaluating dietary specifications? World Poultry Sci J 2007; 63: 255–66.

(2) Khan RU, Naz S, Nikousefat Z, et al. Effect of vitamin E in heat-stressed poultry. World's Poult Sci J 2011; 6: 469–78.

(3) Hossain SM, Barreto SL, Bertechini AG, Rios AM, Silva CG. Influence of dietary Vitamin E level on egg production of broiler breeders, and on the growth and immune response of progeny in comparison with the progeny from eggs injected with Vitamin E. Anim Feed Sci Technol 1998; 73: 307–17.

(4) Calini F, Sirri F. Breeder nutrition and offspring performance. Rev Bras Cienc Avic 2007; 9: 77–83.

(5) Urso URA, Dahlke F, Maiorka A, et al. Vitamin E and selenium in broiler breeder diets: effect on live performance, hatching process, and chick quality. Poult Sci 2015; 94: 976–83.

(6) Khan RU, Javed I, Muhammad F. Effects of vitamins, probiotics, and protein level on semen traits and some seminal plasma macro-and micro minerals of male broiler breeders after zinc-induced molting. Biol Trace Elem Res 2012; 148: 44–52.

(7) Jena BP, Panda N, Patra RC, Mishra PK, Behera NC, Panigrahi B. Supplementation of vitamin E and C reduces oxidative stress in broiler breeder hens during summer. Food Nutr Sci 2013; 4: 33–7.

(8) Zaghari M, Sedaghat V, Shivazad M. Effect of vitamin E on reproductive performance of heavy broiler breeder hens. J Appl Poultry Res 2013; 22: 808–13.

(9) Khan RU, Javed I, Muhammad F. Supplementation of dietary vitamins, protein and probiotics on semen traits and immunohistochemical study of pituitary hormones in zinc-induced molted broiler breeders. Acta Histochem 2013; 115: 698–704.

(10) Khan RU, Rahman ZU, Javed I, Muhammad F. Effect of vitamins, probiotics and protein level on semen traits and seminal plasma biochemical parameters of post-moult male broiler breeders. Br Poultry Sci 2013; 54: 120–9.

(11) Raederstorff D, Wyss A, Calder PC, Weber P, Eggersdorfer M. Vitamin E function and requirements in relation to PUFA. Br J Nutr 2015; 114: 1113–22.

(12) Li X, Dong Z, Zhang F, Dong J, Zhang Y. Vitamin E slows down the progression of osteoarthritis: review. Exp Ther Med 2016; 12: 18–22.

(13) Ross 308 Broiler: Nutrition specification. Newbridge: Aviagen, Scotland. http://www. natchix.co.za/pdf/nutrition_specifications.pdf (May 25, 2009)

(14) SPSS. SPSS Base 7.5 for Windows. Chicago, IL : SPSS, 1997.

(15) Wilson MJ, Kaye D, Smith WE, et al. Effect of vitamin E deficiency on the growth and secretory function of the rat prostatic complex. Exp Mol Pathol 2003; 74: 267–75.

(16) Azzi A, Stocker A. Vitamin E: non-antioxidant roles. Prog Lipid Res 2000; 39: 231–55.

(17) Nockels CF, Menge DL, Kienholz EW. Effect of excessive dietary vitamin E on the chick. Poult Sci 1976; 55: 649–52.

(18) Khan RU, Rahman ZU, Javed I, Muhammad F. Effect of vitamins, protein level and probiotics on immune response of molted male broiler breeders. J Anim Morphol Phys 2014; 98: 620–27.

(19) Khan RU, Rahman Z, Javed I, Muhammad F. Serum antioxidants and trace minerals as influenced by vitamins, probiotics and proteins in broiler breeders. J Appl Anim Res 2014; 42: 249– 55.

(20) Surai PF, Fisinin VI, Karadas F. Antioxidant systems in chick embryo development. Part 1. Vitamin E, carotenoids and selenium. Anim Nutr 2016; 2: 1–11.

(21) Vrolijk MF, Opperhuizen A, Jansen EH, et al. The shifting perception on antioxidants: the case of vitamin E and β-carotene. Redox Biol 2015; 4: 272–8.

(22) Min Y, Sun T, Niu Z, et al. Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation alleviates oxidative stress induced by dexamethasone and improves fertility of breeder roosters. Anim Rep Sci 2016; 171: 1–6.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26873/SVR-383-2018

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


SLOVENIAN VETERINARY RESEARCH, Veterinary Faculty
Gerbičeva 60, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, T: +386 (0)1 47 79 100, F: +386 (0)1 28 32 243, E: slovetres@vf.uni-lj.si
Published by computing.si